KEY FINDINGS

General health

In 2012–13, around two in five (39.2%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over considered themselves to be in very good or excellent health, while 7.2% rated their health as poor.

Based on age standardised proportions, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over were around half as likely as non-Indigenous people to have reported excellent or very good health (rate ratio of 0.6).

Long-term health conditions

Heart and circulatory diseases

In 2012–13, around one in eight (12.0%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people had heart disease.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander rates for heart disease were significantly higher than the comparable rates for non-Indigenous people in all age groups from 15–54 years.

Based on age standardised proportions, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were more likely than non-Indigenous people to have heart or circulatory diseases (rate ratio of 1.2).

Diabetes/high sugar levels

In 2012–13, around one in twelve (8.2%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people had diabetes mellitus and/or high sugar levels in their blood or urine.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander rates for diabetes/high sugar levels were between three and five times as high as the comparable rates for non-Indigenous people in all age groups from 25 years and over.

Based on age standardised proportions, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were three times as likely as non-Indigenous people to have diabetes/high sugar levels (rate ratio of 3.3).

Health risk factors

Overweight and obesity

In 2012–13, almost one-third (30.4%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children aged 2–14 years were overweight or obese according to their BMI

In 2012–13, two-thirds (65.6%) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over were overweight or obese (28.6% and 37.0% respectively), according to their BMI.

Obesity rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females and males were significantly higher than the comparable rates for non-Indigenous people in almost every age group.

 

4727.0.55.001main features12012-13 (www.abs.gov.au)